Snake wine

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A bottle of snake wine photographed in the southern Chinese city of Guangzhou.
Snake is one of Vietnamese varieties of rượu thuốc.[1] The bottle on the left is a cobra wine (Rượu rắn).
Scorpion and snake wine.

Snake wine (Chinese: 蛇酒; pinyin: shé-jiǔ; Vietnamese: rượu rắn; Khmer: ស្រាពស់, sra poas) is an alcoholic beverage produced by infusing whole snakes in rice wine or grain alcohol. The drink was first recorded to have been consumed in China during the Western Zhou dynasty (c. 1040–770 BC) and believed in folklore to reinvigorate a person according to Traditional Chinese medicine.[2] It can be found in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, North Korea, Goa (India), Vietnam, Okinawa (Japan), Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and throughout Southeast Asia.

The snakes, preferably venomous ones, are not usually preserved for their meat but to have their "essence" and/or snake venom dissolved in the liquor. The snake venom proteins are unfolded by the ethanol and therefore the completed beverage is usually, but not always,[3] safe to drink. The Huaxi street night market (華西街夜市) of Taipei, Taiwan, is renowned for its snake foods and wine products.


Consumption of snakes and their viscera has long been considered by followers of traditional Chinese medicine to promote health. Snake wine was first recorded to be used in China during the Western Zhou dynasty (771 BC) and the supposed medicinal use of snakes was noted in the medical manual Shen nong ben cao jing (神農本草經) compiled between 300 B.C. and 200 A.D.[4] The detailed uses of various snake feces, their body parts, and various preparations were elaborated in Li Shizhen's Bencao Gangmu (本草綱目).[5] Snake bile was offered to Yang Jisheng as treatment for the injuries he suffered in prison circa 1554.[6]

In culture[edit]

In Vietnam, the common regional name for snake wines is rượu thuốc, while less common ones are referred to as rượu rắn.[7][8] A similar drink is made with dehydrated geckos or sea horses rather than snakes.[9] Snake wine, due to its high alcohol percentage, is traditionally drunk in shot glasses.

It is illegal to import snake wine to many countries because many of the snakes used for its production are endangered species.[10]

Health risks[edit]

The risks of ingesting snake wine include systemic envenomation from the contained venom, which may present features differing from direct envenomation by snakebite. A number of health problems of the vascular system may result, including damage to the vascular wall endothelium, abnormal platelet function, and coagulopathy.[3]


The main types of snake wine, which use either parts of a live snake, or the entire snake itself are steeped or mixed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Last Days of the Mekong Snake Hunters". 9 August 2016. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  2. ^ 蛇酒的泡制与药用 [The production and medicinal qualities of snake wine], 2007-04-09, archived from the original on 2011-07-06, retrieved 2009-10-20
  3. ^ a b Moon, Jeong Mi; Chun, Byeong Jo (2016-06-01). "Severe Coagulopathy after Ingestion of "Snake Wine"". The Journal of Emergency Medicine. 50 (6): 848–851. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.11.037. ISSN 0736-4679. PMID 26823133 – via Elsevier Science Direct.
  4. ^ 关, 海珊 (2008-01-22), 趣谈蛇酒的来历与药用价值 [Leisure conversations on snake wine, its history and it medicinal properties], archived from the original on 2009-12-13, retrieved 2009-10-20
  5. ^ 李, 時珍 (1578–1593), 本草綱目 [Compendium of Materia Medica], archived from the original on 2012-02-22, retrieved 2009-10-20
  6. ^ Hammond, Kenneth J. (2012) [First published 2007 by Kegan Paul International]. Pepper Mountain: The Life, Death, and Posthumous Career of Yang Jisheng. New York, NY: Routledge. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-415-54189-3.
  7. ^ Galván, J.A. (2014). They Do What? A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 294. ISBN 978-1-61069-342-4. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  8. ^ Wick, Anemi (2 September 2018). "Vietnam's famous alcohol aphrodisiac can boost your sex drive – but do you have any idea what's in it?". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  9. ^ Mandel, Peter (April 22, 2007), Snake Wine, The Washington Post Company, archived from the original on November 3, 2012, retrieved October 26, 2017
  10. ^ Rich Phillips (May 7, 2009). "Name your poison: 'Snake wine' seized at airport". CNN. Retrieved 22 May 2016.